Safety and Crisis Management in Tehran
11/23/2020 8:52:00 AM | 08:52 | 184 | 0
Specialized note on the occasion of 12th Festival of Research and Innovation in Urban Management
Dr. Alireza Nouri, Director of Studies and Technical Planning, Development, Standardization and Crisis in TURPC
Tehran is one of the most important metropolises in the Middle East, which is exposed to various hazards, both natural and man-made. Although the occurrence of risks is inevitable, but the impact of the risk and return to the before crisis functions strongly depends on the managerial strategies in four phases of the crisis.
It’s included in all areas of urban management, like urban economy, urban body, urban transport, social issues, management of human resources in the city, the resources, communications of crisis management and other areas. These aspects and elements form the "resilience of the city".
The word “resilience” is derived from the Latin word "resilio" which means to go/come back. In physical terms, too, the subject of “resilience” evokes the concept of returning to a state that a system had before the application of an external factor. The term “resilience” was first coined in 1973 by Holling as an ecological concept, but later came to the scientific fields of biological, economic, organizational, information, and psychological systems and is now a major topic in crisis management.
Tehran can be considered as a resilient city when the resilience is studied, researched, designed and appropriate actions are taken to prevent crises, to prepare for them and to deal with crises. In addition to these phases, Tehran must be reconstructed and rehabilitated in post-crisis conditions.
In addition, it should be noted that resilience has different levels, including individual resilience, organizational resilience, social resilience and national resilience, which in order to achieve a resilient city, at least three levels of resilience are required.
It should be noted that Tehran is exposed to earthquakes and floods due to its location. The city, with a population of nearly 11 million people (whose safety is not a top priority for them), has the potential to cause widespread fires. Last year, we witnessed a fire in the Sina Mehr Shemiran building, which unfortunately took the lives of a significant number of our compatriots. Although the building did not collapse, the accident can be compared to the Plasco building in terms of casualties.
The body of a city is consisted of each of its components and one of the most important of which are the buildings of the city.
City resilience cannot be fully achieved without the safety and resilience of city buildings.
Measures known as passive defense will also have a direct effect on resilience. However, in passive defense studies the dangers is mostly man-made.
Over the past year, many citizens have lost their lives to the outbreak of COVID-19. Due to the concentration of population, the city of Tehran is exposed to a variety of risks due to the spread of infectious diseases, one of the manifestations of the city's resilience is to return the city to normal urban life after the disease and its prevalence.
Increasing resilience in all of the above areas and many fields that are not mentioned in this text, one by one, require thinking, reviewing the process, research and study. As mentioned, this important issue is not limited to the field of crisis management and requires research, study, planning, thinking and action in various areas of urban management from the economy to the body of the city.
In this period of the Festival of Research and Innovation in Urban Management, the special issue of the festival is "City Resilience". We strongly hope that it can enable researchers to share studies and research efforts for all areas, and to improve the city's ability to recover.
Accordingly, all researchers, scholars, thinkers, students and experts in all fields at all countries are invited to submit their articles, research, books and reports to the 12th Festival of Research and Innovation in Urban Management. Surely, they can guide urban management in making Tehran more resilient, assist the urban management complex, and take steps to promote knowledge-based resilience in Tehran.