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Environment requires robust laws with executive guarantee / municipalitys revenue system must be independent of land.

Environment requires robust laws with executive guarantee / municipality's revenue system must be independent of land.

Gardens in Tehran are at risk of destruction and what can help to preserve them as part of the urban environment is a supportive law with enforcement guarantee, which is currently felt to be lacking in the legal system.

According to the Public Relations Department of Tehran Urban Planning and Research Center (TUPRC), Reza Basiri, Urban and Environmental Services Management  of TUPRC, at a meeting on legal solutions to support the quantitative and qualitative development of private and semi-private green spaces that has been hold this week in TUPRC, by criticizing the lack of guarantees for the rules of the gardens in Tehran, said that due to economic problems surrounding the phenomenon of land in Tehran, interest groups are always trying to circumvent the rules of the gardens.
Magsoomi, Deputy Director General of the Code of Conduct and Council, referring to the history of green space and gardens legislation in Tehran, said: "unfortunately, our laws in this area are punitive, most laws are positive and the incentive law is not considered for stockholders.
He acknowledged the existence of negative rules to the detriment of the owners of the gardens in Tehran and added that the consequences of maintaining gardens, such as the cost of irrigation of trees and the rules on the displacement of trees, have created the conditions that the owners tolerated only extra load and it seems that there is no benefit to them.
He emphasized the necessity of reviewing and reforming the rules of gardens in Tehran and noted that laws around the world are based on comparative studies and are consistent with environmental issues. According to him, joining the international conventions on the environment is one of the necessities that it is inevitable. This is especially important if sanctions are pushed to environmental issues and then demonstrate its consequences.
He pointed to the necessity for the laws to be implemented, not its academic aspect, and added that the law that is being enacted and not implemented by the people is certainly not a good law; rules should be taken from the customs and practices of the society and citizens are inclined to do so.
 During this meeting, Suzanchi, Academic staff at Tarbiat Modares University, referring to 30 percent reduction in green space in Tehran over the past five years, said: "Unfortunately, we are still involved in quantity of green space in Tehran, while Quality in the green space per capita study has more important.
He assessing the environmental laws as many more but low effect, said: "Unfortunately, in some areas, such as water, there is still no law and only recommendations have been made, which indicates that we have not yet reached to a crisis in these areas. Otherwise, we would lay down an efficient law for environment.
He noted the lack of underlying studies and neglect of social problems in the destruction of gardens as one of the most important shortcomings in the law on gardens in Tehran and added: "Legislation needs to be rich and needed resources to achieve good law. Otherwise, the legislative session of the panel will end.
He stressed that if the municipality's revenue system to be land-based, it cannot manage to properly plan for city management, then the media should be used to prevent the destruction of the environment and the gardens and mobilize the people in order to resist the destruction of gardens.
Also in this meeting, Akhavan Farshchi, Deputy Director of Education and Research at Tehran parks and Green Space organization of Tehran's municipality, by reviewing the assignments of the organization since the beginning of its formation, said: So far, 3,000 and 428 private green spaces (garden) have been identified in Tehran that 2,500 pieces were not allowed to enter the experts.
He also announced to numbering of all the trees in the public streets and public spaces of the city and said that this has been done in some private spaces such as Golestan Palace, Niavaran Palace and Tehran University.
In the following, Agel Manesh, the cultural and social director of at Tehran parks and Green Space organization of Tehran's municipality, considered the concept of gardens in law as an economic enterprise, which in Tehran, apart from a few pieces such as Tarasht and Kan, does not apply to gardens. According to him, the gardens of Tehran are often not productive or, if they are, they are for beauty and have economic function.
By assessing the existing rules in the field of gardens in Tehran as weak rules, he said: "These laws are negative and divert individuals to violations, while at the same time they have no rules for it."
He announced the progress of 60 percent of the municipality in the identification of the gardens in Tehran and said: "Unfortunately, there are no limitations in interconnected gardens and the registry office is not cooperating with us, and therefore is spent a lot of time in some cases for this process.
He once again emphasized the weakness of the guidelines and rules of garden law in Tehran and said: "Unfortunately, there are many ways to circumvent the law for the offenders.
At the beginning of the meeting, Dr. Moradi and Azad, presenters of a study project on legal solutions to support the quantitative and qualitative development of private and semi-private green spaces have reported on the results of the project.

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